Periodontics

Periodontal disease affects the gums and bone that support your teeth. It’s more commonly known as gum disease and is a bacterial infection that, if left untreated, can lead to tooth loss. It often affects several teeth and begins when the bacteria in plaque cause the gums to become inflamed.

Types of Periodontal Disease

Gingivitis

The mildest form of gum disease, gingivitis, causes inflammation of the gums. If your gums become red, swollen and start to bleed easily then contact us for an immediate check-up. Most patients first notice signs of gingivitis when brushing their teeth and although poor oral hygiene is a factor, it’s not always the root cause. If caught in the early stages, it can be reversed with professional dental treatment followed by good oral health care.

Periodontitis

Untreated gingivitis can lead to other periodontal conditions, including periodontitis. This happens when plaque spreads and grows between the gum line. The plaque bacteria irritate the gums, causing a breakdown of the tissues and bone that support the teeth. The gums then separate from the teeth, forming pockets that become infected. Eventually, the teeth can become loose or wobbly and may have to be removed.

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What Happens During Treatment?

Non-surgical treatments

At Ocean Dental we always aim to restore your periodontal health in the least invasive and most cost-effective way possible. For milder cases, we can offer non-surgical gum treatment. Treatment types include deep scaling to remove plaque and root surface debridement. This cleans the root surfaces to remove plaque and tartar from deep periodontal pockets and enable the gums to reattach themselves to the teeth. You may also need a course of antibiotics.

After your initial non-surgical treatment, you may find your teeth are more sensitive for a few weeks, but we can treat this if necessary. As your gums heal, they may recede to a healthier state. To keep your teeth and gums healthy in the long term we recommend you see our dental hygienist regularly.

Periodontal Surgery

If periodontal disease has destroyed a lot of your supporting tissue and bone, the affected teeth will need to be removed. However, our in-house periodontist may be able to reverse some of this damage by regenerating lost bone and tissue using various surgical techniques and biomaterials. This procedure involves folding back the gum tissue and removing the bacteria. We can then use membranes (filters), bone grafts or tissue-stimulating proteins to encourage your body’s natural ability to regenerate bone and tissue.

Surgical treatment for periodontal disease will help to reduce pocket depth and repair the damage caused by gum disease. Afterwards, you can help maintain the improvement with good oral hygiene and regular appointments with our hygienist. This will also reduce your chances of developing serious health problems associated with advanced periodontal disease.

If you’re worried about your teeth and gums then book a check-up today. It’s always better to be safe than sorry. Call 0161 660 0200 or email: hello@odental.co.uk.

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